Dr Nakedi Mathews Phosa left South Africa in 1985 and in 1986 became the regional commander of Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK), the military wing of the African National Congress (ANC), in Mozambique. Following the unbanning of the organisation in 1990, he was one of the first four members of the ANC to enter South Africa in order to start the process of negotiation with the National Party government. He played an important role in transition initiatives, including CODESA. As head of the ANC’s legal department, he often engaged in fierce debates with the minister of law and order, Hernus Kriel, over issues such as the joint investigation by the South African Police and the ANC into the death of Chris Hani. After the first democratic elections in 1994, Phosa was appointed premier of Mpumalanga, a position he held until 1999. In 1995, the University of Boston in the US awarded him an honorary doctorate. He has been a member of the ANC’s National Executive Committee since 1999 and was treasurer general from 2007 to 2012. Phosa
speaks nine languages. In 1999 he published a volume of Afrikaans poetry called Deur die oog van ’n naald (Through the eye of a needle). Chants of Freedom, his second poetry collection is due in 2015.